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Is Periodontal Disease Genetic?

HomeGum HealthIs Periodontal Disease Genetic?

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Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is one of the most widespread dental ailments. Although it has a wide variety of origins, the most basic cause is the proliferation of bacteria and decay under the gum line.

One question we receive often is if gum disease can be caused by hereditary factors. We’ll answer that question as we explore the signs, symptoms, and treatment options for gum disease that we offer here at Edgewater Dental Arts.

Signs of Gum Disease

First, it’s necessary to share the signs and symptoms of gum disease. The most common ones are:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Dark, swollen gums
  • Receding gum line
  • Persistent bad breath

These symptoms can range from mild to severe depending on what stage of gum disease you’re experiencing.

Causes of Gum Disease

The causes of gum disease are varied, but here are a few reasons why you might experience more plaque and bacteria growth under the gum line:

  • Lack of proper or consistent oral hygiene, especially a lack of flossing
  • Poor diet that is high in sugary or acidic foods and beverages
  • Use of tobacco products
  • Certain medications
  • Certain diseases, like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn’s disease
  • Genetics

Some studies have shown that genetics can indeed play a role in the development and progression of gum disease. While genetics rarely directly cause gum disease, your genetic makeup can make you more susceptible to developing it.

Affordable Gum Disease Treatment in Edgewater, Maryland

The best way to tackle gum disease is to prevent it. First, maintain a consistent and proper brushing and flossing routine, eat a healthy, balanced diet, and avoid tobacco products if you can. Second, schedule twice yearly cleanings and examinations with your dentist to keep a close eye on your gum health.

However, if you are suffering from gum disease, we can help. Depending on the severity of your gum disease, you might just need a deep cleaning under the gum line, or an antibacterial rinse or aid. In extreme cases, we might recommend scaling and root planing or gum surgery to treat your gum disease.

If you are showing signs of gum disease, give us a call at 410-956-3525 or schedule an appointment online to schedule an appointment. We will work with you to develop a treatment plan that’ll get your dental health on track and will fit your budget.

Written by

John Cutting, DMD is an Annapolis dentist experienced in all aspects of dentistry. He provides complete care from general dentistry to cosmetic and restorative dentistry in his conveniently located and comfortable office, Edgewater Dental Arts.